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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 129  |  Issue : 16  |  Page : 1912-1916

Is There a Reliable Method to Predict the Limb Length Discrepancy after Chemotherapy and Limb Salvage Surgery in Children with Osteosarcoma?

Department of Orthopedic Oncology Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Peking University, Beijing 100035, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Xiao-Hui Niu
Department of Orthopedic Oncology Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Peking University, No. 31, Xinjiekou Dong Street, Xicheng District, Beijing 100035
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0366-6999.187849

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Background: For a child with osteosarcoma, prediction of the limb length discrepancy at maturity is important when planning for limb salvage surgery. The purpose of this study was to provide a reliable prediction method. Methods: A retrospective review of Chinese children receiving chemotherapy for osteosarcoma before skeletal maturity was conducted. Standing full-length radiographs of the lower extremity were used for length measurements. Length-for-age curves were constructed using the LMS method. The lower limb multiplier for a specific age and gender was calculated using the formula M = Lm/L, where M was the gender- and age-specific multiplier, Lmwas the bone length at maturity, and L was the age-specific bone length. Prematurity and postmaturity radiographs were used to assess the accuracy of the prediction methods. Results: A total of 513 radiographs of 131 boys and 314 radiographs of 86 girls were used to calculate the coefficients of the multiplier. The multipliers of 8-, 9-, 10-, 11-, 12-, 13-, 14-, 15-, 16-, 17-, and 18-year-old boys after chemotherapy for osteosarcoma were 1.394, 1.306, 1.231, 1.170, 1.119, 1.071, 1.032, 1.010, 1.004, 1.001, and 1.000, respectively; while for girls at the same ages, the multipliers were 1.311, 1.221, 1.146, 1.092, 1.049, 1.021, 1.006, 1.001, 1.000, 1.000, and 1.000, respectively. Prematurity and postmaturity femoral and tibial lengths of 21 patients were used to assess the prediction accuracy. The mean prediction error was 0 cm, 0.8 cm, and 1.6 cm for the multiplier method using our coefficients, Paley's coefficients, and Anderson's method, respectively. Conclusions: Our coefficients for the multiplier method are reliable in predicting lower limb length growth of Chinese children with osteosarcoma.

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